Civil Engineering: Crash Course Engineering
The building you were born in is the one, way you work. And every road you’ve ever traveled and every bridge Eve, ever cost. They’re all creations of civil engineering.
Civil engineering is one of those ancient types of engineering focused on structures and buildings of all kinds, and it’s the accomplishments of civil engineering that our world is built on. Society wouldn’t be the same. Without, if you want to think like a civil engineer, magically just discovered an island a place that no other human has ever seen.
Except for tonight. Any good Explorer, you check out this Mysterious Island to see what it has to offer, as well as what it lacks.
- Is there food available?
- And if so, where does it go?
- What about the water?
- What’s the weather like is the terrain, easy enough to travel over?
Let’s assume that after explaining all of these puzzles, you choose that the archipelago is comfortable. The one who tried to build a city there,
- what kinds of structures would you?
- How would you build them? And would it matter?
- In what order do you build, but how do you plan an entire city?
Well before you rush into anything Should take a moment to learn a thing or two for civil engineers that came before us.
We’ve continued using unusual kinds of civil engineering for the greatest of our antiquity. We’ve built houses to protect personally from the climate and these tree trunks temporarily Link to intersect.
River’s earliest ancestors probably weren’t doing any calculations that they were using engineering to find solutions, to their problems. And we can find one of the world’s first notable civil engineers about 5,000 years ago. Egypt.
This is where we meet a motor. The planet of the first Egyptian pyramid. He was a government official, the sage even eventually worships. The Egyptian god of medicine. Is that already an impressive resume? We can add the title of chief of works or what we call him and Jeanette.
Imitate help oversee the building of the step pyramid of Saqqara constructed in the 27th century BC. The Limestone base pyramid was about as tall as a modern 18-story building around 60 meters with 200 feet high. And its composing turn helped cover the way for the big civil engineering Wonders, at the Great Monuments at this is wherever we saw the first.
Field civil engineering, come together. Structural Engineering construction engineer. Both are similar, but Structural Engineering focuses more on the design of framework structures, while construction, engineering, is more involved with patchy buildings.
We’re going to need to use both of these disciplines if we’re going to have any hope of Crystal City and let’s suppose we use Vertex Blueprints and build a few parents. After that.
Let’s move on to something that will need a public water supply. So this we can find inspiration in Mesopotamia around. The year of 691 BCE. This is where the aqueduct of Juwan is. One of the world’s first notable public, Waterworks was built by, a Syrian engineer who was made of millions of stones to carry the water from the mountains to the city of Nineveh, since having water will be crucial too.
Our city will want the public water supply and a more modern Aqueduct system of pipes and tunnels to carry water to homes and buildings. And speaking of thinking ahead. If you need to see how to map out your expected Center, you ought to learn about Engineering.
It’s all MRS. Bennett says he lives in Greece around 460 BC and can be called the father at the seen plant. Much of what we know about him comes from Aristotle’s, work known as politics Aristotle him.
Dumb is weird because he wore his hair long or flashy doing that. She closed the even Aristotle would agree. The epidermis was also extremely influential in many aspects of Urban Design that we now take for granted like rectangular city blocks and straight streets with Avenues of white angles. Can all be attributed. Said him. This layout is often known as the HIPAA Damien plan and it also involves dividing up cities into different parts for different purposes.
This is very different from previous designs in this day, which often involves streets. That curved Twisted ran into dead ends. So let this be a lesson for your Island community. If you’re going to build City, need a plan. If you don’t plan and civil engineering project, you could end up with things in all the wrong places, after all, you do more farms and Pops lips due to the schools.
Now, we should also use a page of the antique Romans. They were some of the greatest Engineers of the past with roads, tunnels Bridges, and plenty of productive Water Supplies throughout their lands.
Their works of great examples for third Builder’s civil, engineering Transportation. Good infrastructure will let you use as much of the IOC can, for example, rose that one over Hills and Valleys and bridges across the lakes and rivers part of what made Romans. So prolific in this is your designs was the clever use of their environment. They mix design.
I’m small rocks and volcanic ash to make their own full of concrete, which allowed?
Filled with impressive structures at the pantheon and the Colosseum has many volcanoes on our Island. We should stick with a more modern kind of concrete by the one patented in the early 19th. Century, England Point.
Joseph asked, did he use finely ground Stone and Clay to make recruit Portland cement because it resembled the Limestone Portland England, but there are few better lessons, the importance of building materials, Edison Lighthouse, the tail of the structure begins at England’s Edison rocks, the late 17th century and like most great.
Engineering stories. It started with a problem, the rocks of the coast of Cornwall, lots of shipwrecks and we went down he was a painter Builder and Merchants lost two ships.
So you both of my house because octagonal made of wood and lasted for a few years until the storm came through the story, but another build a scene, constructed a second Lighthouse, also, made of wood. This one lasted for around 50 years. It was then burned to the ground from the spark of a cabinet. A reminder of how susceptible the structures are to fight it became apparent.
Wood wasn’t watching for the flight house. So, a new generation of Engineers has to do something different.
That’s why don’t people come in. Is that good?
He began building a lighthouse in 1756 made from hydraulic lines. The type of concrete that steps underwater, allows Lighthouse to last for more than a hundred twenty years until 1877, but it was dismantled because the bottom of the Tower, with beginning to destabilize.
So, Smithson success in meeting this challenge. Set the stage for using cement in concrete. And structural building. Smeaton is the first to label himself as a civil engineer and ever since Engineers have had him go back to separating the civilian side of engineering from the Miniatures. We also want to thank you for the lighthouse.
We’re going to build on the south side of the power, minus 2 1, Travelers of the dangerous. Reefs. So after this point, we have a pretty good start to our Island. The city started with Public Water Supplies. Frozen Bridge has a lighthouse and other buildings, but we’re missing something
very important sanitation. Something sanitation has been used. In ancient times, but a more modern form of environmental engineering the government suggested, William bazalgette designed a sewer Network Central.
London has a Network help relief as he was cholera epidemic by treating the water cleansing. The dirty River Thames, which accepted nearly 20 years to build, and he was finally knighted for his task. This all led to the continued practice of treating drinking water and sewage which will be crucial to maintaining public health.
so there are no more things civil engineering can do for our city like the construction leader. Dams and canals fall under hydraulic engineer and then there’s working with the Rockin sort of the earth. So our structures are built on the right foundation, which is the work of geotechnical Engineers. So the idea of creating a system from an empty patch of wilderness shows you how many problems present themselves and how different kinds of civil engineering can solve those problems.
We’ve accomplished cultures whole civilizations because of civil engineering determination go into more detail in coming chapters that will give you an equivalent more reliable idea of the work following civil engineering. But this is just enough to give you a solid foundation. Today. We learned all about, many of the facets of civil engineering including structural and construction engineering City, Planning Transportation sanitation.
Next time. We’ll explore the mechanical side of engineering, including its history from the types of work that we might do as mechanical engineers.